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Jul 05

Bisnis Pakan Ternak Ruminansia Masa Depan

Bisnis Pakan Ternak Ruminansia Masa Depan

(Kajian tanaman jenis leguminosa sebagai peluang usaha potensial)

Oleh : Muhammad Ikhsan

Semakin menyempitnya lahan pertanian akibat kemajuan sektor industri, teknologi dan real estate adalah ancaman serius bagi dunia pertanian dan diujungnya ketersedian pakan sektor peternakan ikut menanggung akibat carrying capacity (daya tampung lahan) menurun.  

Bisnis Pakan Ternak Ruminansia Masa Depan

Bagi ternak kelompok herbivora  95%-99% pakan hijauan mutlak dibutuhkan, sisi lain dari berkurangnya luas lahan menumbuhkan potensi ekonomi baru yakni pengembangan,  pengolahan bahan pakan berbasis leguminosa sebagai sumber nutrisi di Indonesia. Belakangan ini terus berkembang mengikuti irama kebutuhan daging nasional. Diberbagai wilayah penanaman leguminosa sudah dilakukan baik dimanfatkan untuk kebutuhan sendiri maupun dijadikan peluang usaha.

Sampel pohon-pohon leguminosa dan rumput-rumputan yang berpotensi ekonomi adalah sebagai berikut

  • Daun Turi :

Energi                   = 44 kkal
Protein                  = 1,8 gr
Lemak                   = 0,6 gr
Karbohidrat          = 9,6 gr
Kalsium                = 23 mg
Fosfor                    = 29 mg
Zat Besi                = 1 mg
Vitamin A              = 105 IU
Vitamin B1           = 0,13 mg
Vitamin C             = 41 mg

  • Daun Kalopo :

Protein kasar      = 16%,

Serat kasar          = 32,1%,

BETN                     = 2,3%,

Abu                        = 8,5%,

TDN                       = 60,4

Natrium                 = 2,1–3,4%,

Phosfor                  = 0,17–0,29%,

Kalsium                 = 2,4–2,6%

  • Daun Kaliandra :

Protein kasar       = 22,5%,

Energi                   = 46kkal perkg,

Lignin                    = 19%

Abu                        = 7,5

Calsium                 = 1,6

  • Daun Gamal :

Bahan kering       = 23%

Protein kasar       = 23%,

BK                          = 29%

Serat kasar           = 20%

Abu                        = 20%

  • Daun Sentro :

Protein kasar       = 23,3%,

Serat kasar          = 8,8%,

Abu                        = 9,1%,

Kalsium                = 1,1%,

Kalium                  = 1,8,

Energi                   = 4300kcal

  • Daun Lamtoro  (Petai China) :

Energi                  = 85kkl,

Karbohidrat         = 15.4 gram,

Protein                 = 5.7 gram,

Lemak                  = 0.3 gr,

Zat besi                = 3.0 gram,

Fosfor                   = 53 mg,

Kalsium                = 180 mg,

Vitamin A              = 423 UI,

Vitamin B1           = 0.08 mg,

Vitamin C             = 15 mg.

  • Daun Indigofera :

Protein                  = 29 – 30%

Serat kasar          = 9%

Energi termetabolisme = 2700kcal/kg

Jika anda mendapatkan informasi berbeda tentang kandungan nutrisi disetiap konten., ini disebabkan perbedaan waktu petik, mutu bahan dan penanganan tapi selisih perbedaannya tidak terlalu jauh.

Berikut kami lansir sejumlah sumber pakan ternak herbivora (kuda, kelinci, kambing, sapi, kerbau, domba dan  gajah) dan sebagian besar kandungan nutrisinya sudah kami posting di judul artikel terdahulu kami : DAFTAR GIZI TERNAK ANDA.

Daun akasia, daun alfalfa, daun azolla, daun bambu, daun bayam, bunga kol, daun camote, daun cassava, daun eceng gondok, genjer,  daun ipil, daun jagung, daun kangkung, daun kacang panjang, daun kedele, daun kacang tanah, daun kelapa, daun kol, daun stevia, daun sawi, daun singkong,  rumput gajah, daun sorgum, daun oat, daun padi, daun tebu, rumput benggala, daun gandum, daun pepaya, daun pisang dan daun ubi jalar.

Semua sumber pakan hijauan ini dengan mudah diperoleh dipasar-pasar secara gratis. Asumsi sebagian  orang sayur yang dibuang dipasar adalah limbah pasar oleh  segelintir orang sudah dijadikan mesin uang yang bernilai tinggi dan bahan-bahan jenis sayuran  bisa diolah menjadi antibiotik, probiotik alami serta pakan organik untuk unggas dan ikan.

Melirik bisnis membuat pakan ternak, artikel ini belum cukup memberi gambaran lengkap, anda harus menjelajahi lebih dalam tentang sifat-sifat tanaman, teknik tanam, kebutuhan lahan tanam, pengadaan bibit, kandungan lengkap, mempelajari kelebihan dan kekurangan dari tanaman tersebut dilingkungan anda berdomisili, pengadaan mesin-mesin industri yang dibutuhkan dan mengetahui suplemen tambahan serta jumlah maksimum bahan-bahan baku dari total biomassa pakan.  Syarat paling mendasar adalah terpenuhi standard gizi melalui dua unsur penting yaitu : uji laboratorium dan uji lapangan.

Artikel ini dalam judul konten Revolusis Mental Agrobisnis meramalkan bahwa kelak dunia akan kekurangan bahan pakan ternak dan Indonesia hendaknya secara dini mempersiapkan pengetahuan bibit unggul, SDM (knowledge, human recources).

Dua hal  yang tidak menjadi masalah bagi Indonesia adalah :

  1. Potensi usaha (marketing) yang terbentang luas.
  2. Kekayaan sumber daya alam (SDA) yang melimpah ruah.

Terimakasih

Catatan

Untuk nilai kandungan nutrisi dilakukan dengan uji labor dan dirangkum dari berbagai sumber.

mdisk

Gambar : Mesin pemipil jagung

Bisnis Pakan Ternak Ruminansia Masa Depan

Info harga-harga komoditas agro industri
Harga Ayam Hari Ini
Jual Pakan Ayam Dan Ikan

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